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Snow sports touring safety and skills

Snow sports touring is potentially a high risk sport.

Before setting off on any trip, you should assess the risk and make educated decisions on your route choice based on that assessment. Travel in the back country of Scotland requires a combination of mountaineering and snow sport skills to ensure safe travel.

It is essential you consider the following:

  • Avalanche risk
  • Weather forecast
  • Navigation skills
  • Safety equipment carried

The subject of avalanche risk is covered in detail here. Awareness of the risk and its effect on your route choice is even more of a priority than when you travel on foot in winter. By the nature of the activity, ski mountaineers/boarders will be looking to head for areas that have good snow cover, unlike mountaineers who may choose a line that is scoured of snow. A key resource is the SAIS forecast service. If you feel you need more advice on avalanche awareness you can sign up for one of our avalanche courses.

You can access a range of weather forecasts here and current snow conditions can be viewed at www.winterhighland.info

Essential navigation skills for safe travel in the back country of Scotland can be viewed here. Travel on ski/board presents its own unique navigational challenges, particularly when travelling in descent in white-out conditions where judgement of distance by timing and pacing can be very challenging. It is strongly recommended that traditional map and compass skills are backed up with a GPS and/or altimeter to aid navigation. Particular care should be taken in the vicinity of summits/cornice corrie rims. If you require more advice on navigation skills in relation to skiing, you can sign up for one of our snow sports touring courses.

Photo by Heather Morning

Transceiver, shovel and probes - recommended for back country skiing

Safety Equipment It is strongly recommend that ski/boarders travelling in the back country of Scotland each carry a shovel, probe, transceiver, ice axe, crampons and/or ski crampons and, of course, know how and when to use them. You may also choose to wear a helmet, depending on the steepness of terrain you intend to travel on. See here for more information about helmets. Each person should also carry essential items in the event of emergency. These include mobile phone, synthetic duvet jacket, bivi bag and group shelter.

Level of experience & ski/board ability It is vital that you plan your adventures according to your level of competence. You and your party should build up your expertise in both navigation and technical ski/board skills in a progressive manner. Remember the ski/board lines will always return, the trick is making sure that you are around to enjoy them.

The best way to learn is on the hill, with either a more knowledgeable friebnd or a professional instructor, but this series of videos from Glenmore Lodge gives a taste of some of the skills which will be useful in ski mountaineering.

1. Putting skins on

2. Taking skins off

3. Kick turns

4. Downhill kick turns

5. Downhill skiing with skins on, snow plough style

6. Downhill skiing with skins on

7. Side slipping

8. Stem turns

9. Navigating in poor visibility

10. Jump turns

11. Ground body check